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What is Coaching?

You will find that coaching is a great way of staying in great contact with sports, particularly if you are reaching the end of your own sporting career. If you are a parent or teacher, it is a very satisfying way of helping your own and other people's children fulfil their sporting potential. Coaching helps people to be better people and better as performers.

People improve thier performance when they believe they can do it, really want to do it and they arewilling to change. Coaching is about change. A coach is an agent and catalyst for such change. A skilful coach changes people's attitudes, asperations, ability, lifestyle, and personality...for the better.


Coaching is often improving the quality of life than with performance improvement, although the two usually go together...

Because if you perform better and achieve more, you gain greater enjoyment form life, and at higher levels of sport can gain considerable awards/rewards...

People normally achieve improvement through a programme of safe, guided practice, measured performance and competition.

Coaching usually involves a conbination of questioning, showing, explaining and guiding. Good coaches achieve thier objectives through a carefully planned, progressive programme of activities

Manydiverse activities are involved in coaching, however, effective coaching shouldalways involve the following 3 stages..

  • Planning and Organising
  • Guiding, challanging and directing
  • Monitoring and Evaluating

This is the Effective way of Coaching a session..

A Good coach is like a good doctor. For example, three important skills needed by a coach are:

  • Diagnosis-Identifying strengths and weaknesses, causes and effects
  • Prescription- Offer solutions to problems, reinforcing good practice.
  • Communication-Conveying the right messages in a way that is clearly understood.

Many people think of coaching in a negative sense (eg. always correcting faults). However, good coaches build on what a person can do rather than what they cannot do.

Good Coaches, coach people, not the sport. They should...

  • Understand what people want to do and achieve (motivation)
  • Recognise and build on what people can do (talent identification and development)
  • Identify and correct where possible, what people cannot do (eg skill limitations, inadequate fitness levels, weaknesses in attitude)
  • Discover and enhance what people will do (commitment and determination)

The coach must create and manage an environment in which people are motivated to maintain participation and improve performance. The coach must provide a balance between the challenges set and the ability of the participant. If a challenge is too great for the participant's ability and experience, participants will suffer anxiety and underachieve. If the challenge is too easy, the person will quickly lose interest and still underachieve.

If coaching is effective, those people being coached will:

  • Become more skilful
  • Develop a greater awareness and understanding of the sport
  • Become more confident and self-reliant
  • Be better able to deal with success and failure
  • Become active learners:
  • Able to learn naturally from experience
  • Better equipped to cope with change

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