Injuries






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Injuries


Introduction 

These injuries are common to soccer, but occur in other sports as well. One of the most common causes of injury in the amateur game is not warming-up before the start of a match or training session. A proper warm-up prepares the body for exercise, warms the muscles, and enables the body to cope better with the strains of knocks and sudden movements that cause injuries. This article is based on Soccer Academy, the interactive football coaching program that contains video demonstrations, animation, 3D graphics and photographs to coach the techniques, tactics and training methods of modern football. 

It's not always possible to avoid injuries but a few precautions can be taken to reduce the possibility of injuries or accidents..

Always take time to warm up and stretch. Research studies have shown that cold muscles are more prone to injury.

Wear shin guards to help protect your lower legs.

Be careful about your choice of footwear, the following is a guide
Wear shoes with molded studs. Shoes with screw-in studs often are associated with a higher risk of injury. However, shoes with screw-in studs should be worn when more grip is needed, such as on a wet muddy field.

Donít crawl or sit on the goal or hang from the net. Injuries and deaths have occurred when goals have fallen onto players.

The playing surface must be kept in good condition. Holes on the playing field should be filled, bare spots reseeded, and debris removed.

Be knowledgeable about first aid and be able to administer it for minor injuries, such as facial cuts, bruises, or minor tendinitis, strains, or sprains.

Be prepared for emergency situations and have a plan to reach medical personnel to treat injuries such as concussions, dislocations, elbow contusions, wrist or finger sprains, and fractures.

Five steps for reducing the risk of injury:

Keep warm.
Always wear shin pads.
Donít aggravate an injury by playing when you haven't fully recovered.
Get match fit before the start of the season.
Make sure that your team has an equipped first aid box.

Minor injuries 

These include bruising, cuts, muscle cramps and stiffness. Bruising, unless severe, can be treated with an ice pack. Minor cuts can be treated simply by washing the wound, but if the cut is deep, stitches could be required. The best treatment for muscle cramp is to immediately stretch the muscle, and drink water and salt. For stiffness, a soak in the bath and some creams for muscular aches are useful.

Hamstring 

These injuries include tears and strains. Strains could heal in days, but tears can take months. Rest is very important, as is not aggravating the injury by playing football until the hamstring is healed. Graduated exercises are usually recommended to speed the recovery process.

Achilles

The Achilles Tendon attaches the heel to the calf muscle. There are three common sports injuries to the Achilles: strain, tendonitis and rupture. In all cases rest is important, and ice can be used to reduce swelling when the injury occurs. Strain usually heels within days, but rupture might require surgery, and could end a playing career.

Ankle

With ankle injuries, it is important to reduce the swelling as much as possible, and to maintain the mobility of the joint. Exercise to strengthen the muscles around the ankle, and ankle supports are often useful.

Knee

Knee injuries can be severe, and could require surgery. Twisting the knee can tear the cartilage in the knee joint, requiring surgery. The ligaments can be torn or strained, and rest is required. In some cases, plaster or surgery might be required, and the healing process can take from weeks to months.

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